For most women, pregnancy is a relatively uneventful nine-month period of being a direct participant to the miracle of life. But for so many others, pregnancy problems are the constant specter of their nine-month long wait that can quickly transform their sense of anticipation into a sense of dread. Of course, not all complications, issues and problems related to pregnancy are life-threatening for either mother or child but just to be on the safe side, medical care is always advised.
Expectant mothers need not worry about gestational diabetes becoming Type II diabetes since it usually resolves by itself once the pregnancy is over. Its symptoms include extreme thirst, fatigue and hunger coupled with a blood sugar level of 140mg/dL or greater. A healthy diet and exercise program is the best treatment for gestational diabetes although some women will require insulin shots to keep their blood sugar levels under control.
One of the more troubling pregnancy problems is Hepatitis B, which is characterized by flu-like symptoms including muscle aches, headaches, mild fever, loss of appetite, nausea and diarrhea. Its major complication is the virus being passed on to the baby, thus, the need to administer the HBIG and the first Hepatitis B shots to the infant within 12 hours upon its birth.
Sexually Transmitted Diseases
The major complication of sexually transmitted diseases in pregnant women is the possibility of passing on the illness to the baby. Unfortunately, these diseases often have no symptoms so diagnosis and treatment is difficult but in cases where symptoms are present, the most common are small warts on the genitals, unusual vaginal discharge, and frequent yeast infections. Treatment takes the form of antiviral drugs with the possibility of cesarean delivery to avoid the infant getting in contact with the genital virus.
Another of the long list of potentially life-threatening pregnancy problems is toxoplasmosis, which comes from being in contact with cat feces and infected soil as well as eating raw or undercooked meat with the parasite. It may or may not have symptoms including mild flu with a blood test being the only definitive diagnostic tool. Treatment is provided through antibiotics that may well continue until the baby’s first birthday, if they were infected as a fetus.
Urinary Tract Infection
A common problem in pregnancy, urinary tract infection is characterized by pain when urinating, pain in the lower parts of the body, and unusual changes in the urine (i.e., blood or pus). When left untreated, it can lead to premature labor. Fortunately, antibiotics can take care of the health issue.
Among all the potential pregnancy problems, the possibility of a stillbirth is undoubtedly the most distressing for mothers and fathers alike. The fetus stops moving as well as expected, say, less than 10 kicks a day after the 26th week of gestation, which should be cause for seeing the doctor immediately. Treatment may either be close monitoring or cesarean delivery depending on the fetus’ condition.
Indeed, so many things can and will go wrong during pregnancy. The good news is that the advances in medical science and technology have made it possible to overcome many, if not most, of the possible pregnancy problems that may crop up. Just take it one day at a time and you and your baby should be fine with the help of your doctor.